• Vladana Nikolić Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center Niš, Niš, Serbia
  • Snežana Živanović 1Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Centre Niš, University of Niš, Faculty of Medicine, Niš, Serbia
  • Milan Golubović Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center Niš, Niš, Serbia
  • Ljiljana Perović Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center Niš, Niš, Serbia
  • Maja Slavković-Jovanović Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center Niš, Niš, Serbia
  • Nataša Miladinović Tasić Institute of Public Health Niš, University of Nis, Faculty of Medicine in Niš, Niš, Serbia
  • Danijela Jovančić Petković Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center Niš, University of Niš, Faculty of Medicine, Niš, Serbia


fever, cough, visceral leishmaniasis, amphotericin B


We present the case of a six-year-old boy suffering from a ten-day bout of intermittent fever, cough, and pancytopenia. After the initial diagnosis of sepsis and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis was discounted, additional tests were performed and the boy was diagnosed with the visceral form of leishmaniasis. Clinical improvement and cessation of febrility were observed after a therapy consisting of a liposomal form of amphotericin B was introduced. Follow-up examinations, which were performed after one, three and six months, revealed that the boy was completely healthy, with normal vital functions and laboratory analyses.


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Case Reports